© 2018 James Shires.

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Title: "Moral manoeuvres: cybersecurity in Egypt and the Gulf states"

DPhil in International Relations, University of Oxford, 2014-2018




"Cyber-noir: cybersecurity and popular culture". Contemporary Security Policy 2019

"Hack-and-leak operations: intrusion and influence in the Gulf". Journal of Cyber Policy 4 (2) 2019.

"Family resemblance or family argument? Three perspectives on cybersecurity and their interaction". St Anthony's International Review 15 (1), 2019.

“Cybersecurity governance in the GCC”, in R. Ellis and V. Mohan (ed.) Rewired: Cybersecurity Governance. Wiley-Blackwell, 2019.

“Enacting expertise: ritual and risk in cybersecurity”, Politics and Governance 6 (2), 2018. Special issue on “Global Cybersecurity: New Directions in Theory and Methods”, edited by Tim Stevens (King’s College London, UK).




"Is the GCC cyber resilient?" Chatham House Briefing Paper, 9 March 2020 (with Joyce Hakmeh).

"Iran sharpens cyber tools for foreign policy ends". Oxford Analytica, 21 March 2019.

"Between multistakeholderism and sovereignty: cyber norms in Egypt and the Gulf states". War on the Rocks, Oct. 2018

"Iran may prioritise cyber espionage, not attack". Oxford Analytica, 11 July 2018.


"Cybersecurity expertise in the Gulf states". LSE Middle East Centre Blog, 29 May 2018.

“Lessons in cyberpower from the GCC split”. Oxford Analytica, 6 February 2018.


“Contesting ‘Cyber’”. New America Foundation, Washington D.C. December 2017 (with Max Smeets).

“The word 'cyber' now means everything - and nothing at all”. Slate, 01 December 2017 (with Max Smeets).


“Discourses of cybersecurity: regional cyber risks in the Middle East”. International Institute for Strategic Studies, London, March 2016.


“Negotiating order in cyberspace: security spirals or trade foundations?” German Marshall Fund, Brussels, February 2016 (with Catherine Laporte-Oshiro).